Inormation about Nagpur city or Orange City of India
Nagpur located in Maharashtra state of India and it is the winter capital of the state. According to 2011 census its population is 2,405,421 and it is the largest city in Central India but it is the third large city of Maharashtra because Mumbai is at number one place and Pune is at second place. Nagpur is the clean city of the country and ranked greenest city of India after Bangalore. The city is called as “Orange City” because oranges are cultivated in large numbers so it has become main trade center of it. Nagpur is also known as ‘Tiger Capital of India’ because many Tiger Reserves in India are connected to the world through this city.
Nagpur comes under Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. It is the main centre for commercial and political purpose because Hindu nationalist organisation RSS has made its headquarters in the city. B.R. Ambedkar and his supporters converted to Buddhism in 1956 and began Dalit Buddhist movement in the city which still plays active role in the politics of the city. The city has witnessed Hindu-Muslims riots drastically before independence. Gowari stampede deaths are another violent and painful day faced by the Gowari community people living in the region.
Gonds founded the city but it went under the control of Bhonsles and became part of the Maratha Empire. Rulers of different dynasties such as Vakataka, Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Tuglaq, Mughal Empire, Marathas etc. have ruled over the city in the past. In 19th Century the British East India Company took the control of Nagpur in their hand and it was made the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. Though later on it lost its capital status but it was always believed as the second capital of Maharashtra because of an informal “Nagpur Pact” done between political leaders.
There are different descriptions behind its name. According to one belief it is named Nagpur because Kanhan River’s tributary Nag River flows in serpentine path in the city. Cobra is called “Nag” in Marathi so people have given Nagpur name to the city and the River. Another saying is that people have named it after the river which flows through the old city of Nagpur. Word “Pur” which is attached with “Nag” is very common in India because there are many cities, villages where “Pur” is suffixed. Nagpur Municipal Corporation’s seal bears the picture of a cobra standing in the water of a river.
Nagpur is a good place for trading. India’s first textile mill was started in Nagpur by Tata group. Big companies, banking sectors, institutes have established themselves there.
After independence Central Provinces and Berar became a province of India and in 1950, Madhya Pradesh state came into existence with Nagpur as its capital. But in 1956 when Indian states were reorganised, area of Nagpur and Berar were included into Bombay state.
Climate of the city is tropical wet and dry. The city holds beautiful places which attracts tourists from all over the India and world. Its natural and man-made lakes such as Gorewada, Telangkhedi, Sonegaon and Gandhisagar etc. are famous. It has a famous Self-manifested temple “Tekdi Ganesh Mandir”. “The Dragon Palace Temple” a well known Buddhist temple dedicated to Lord Buddha which has won international award for its best structure in the world is located here.
Many government institutions are established in the city. Headquarters of Indian armed forces are located in the city.
It has good quality schools, colleges, universities, institutes to educate the children of their region. Nagpur also hosts international matches in their stadium.
People of different caste and creeds who follows their own religion, culture live in the city. Famous cuisine of the city is Varhadi cuisine or Saoji cuisine.
The city is well connected from other cities of India by railway, road and by air.